Cottonwood Tucson Glossary

Terms you may want to better understand

As you look through our addiction treatment site, you may wonder about some of the terms you encounter. We've created the glossary below to help you better understand what Cottonwood Tucson's rehab in Arizona can offer you.

12-Step Meetings
Aftercare Planning
Anger Management
Co-Dependency
Compulsion
Educational Lectures
EMDR
Equine Assisted Counseling
Experiential Therapies
Family of Origin
Family Program
Grief
Group Therapy
Impulse
Impulse Control Disorder
Individual Therapy
Lawyers Behavioral Health Focus

Meditation
Mind/Body Therapy
Nicotine Cessation
Pathological Gambling
Patient Care Facilitator
Problem Gambling
Psychodrama
Rage
Relapse Prevention
Spending Addiction
Spirituality
Therapeutic Recreation
Trauma
Trauma Therapy
Yoga


12-Step Meetings

In addition to the multiple treatment modalities utilized at Cottonwood Tucson, each patient is strongly encouraged to regularly participate in 12-step meetings as part of the ongoing recovery process.

The term 12-step derives from, and forms the core of, the self-help program of recovery developed by Alcoholics Anonymous in 1935. Currently, over 100 self-help groups have adapted the 12-step as basis of their programs of recovery.

Patients are introduced to the 12-step process through a group called Introduction to the 12-Steps, and then regularly attend both community based and campus based 12-step meetings.

Meeting options address a variety of recovery issues and include Alcoholics Anonymous, Cocaine Anonymous, Gamblers Anonymous, Alanon, Debtors Anonymous, Anorexia and Bulimia Anonymous, Sex and Love Addicts, Sex Addicts Anonymous, and Nicotine Anonymous.

Additionally, some patients are offered Lawyer specific AA meetings, Physician specific AA meetings, Young Adult 12-step meetings, and Gay and Lesbian specific 12-step meetings. Attendance at community based 12-step meetings aids in the development of community integration and utilization of supportive resources in recovery.

Back to Top

Aftercare Planning
Research indicates that individuals who continue therapy following inpatient treatment have a higher likelihood of maintaining recovery behavior.

Understanding the value of aftercare, the Cottonwood treatment places a strong emphasis on developing a comprehensive aftercare plan reflective of each patient's individual needs.

Each discharging patient is provided with continuing care referrals responsive to their needs. These might include: continuing residential care, psychiatric follow-up and medication management services, individual and/or group therapy and psychological services if necessary. Dates and times of first appointments are routinely set before the patient leaves Cottonwood.

Back to Top

Anger Management
Counseling focusing on helping people manage anger in more adaptive ways

Back to Top

Co-Dependency
A relationship in which one or both individuals are emotionally dependent on the other.

Back to Top

Compulsion
Behavior motivated by factors that compel a person to act against his or her own wishes.  The term compulsion usually carries connotations of repetitiveness and irrationality.

Back to Top

Educational Lectures
Patients participate in daily psychoeducational groups in order to increase awareness and provide resources for ongoing behavior change. Topics include: Neurobiology and Recovery, Depression Recovery, Trauma and brain healing, Relapse Prevention, Anger Management, Spirituality, Medical Aspects of Recovery, Grief and Loss, Forgiveness, and many others.

Back to Top

EMDR
EMDR, or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, is a psychotherapeutic technique, developed by Francine Shapiro. Studies have demonstrated the efficacy of EMDR in treating PTSD and exposure to traumatic events.

EMDR is founded on an information-processing model, which suggests that PTSD symptoms arise when events are insufficiently processed, and can be eliminated when the memory is fully processed.

It integrates many traditional therapeutic approaches, such as psychodynamic, physiological, cognitive behavioral, experiential, and interpersonal therapies.

EMDR also utilizes the component of dual attention stimulation, such as eye movements, bilateral sound, or bilateral tactile stimulation.

Back to Top

Equine Assisted Counseling
It has been said that the Equine-Assisted Therapy Intensive at Cottonwood Tucson offers a profound glimpse into the totality of human emotional experience. As patients explore their own capacity for trust, intimacy, boundaries, and self-acceptance, the horse confirms and mirrors the person's strengths and challenges.

Noted pioneer in the field and lifetime equine professional, Laura Brinckerhoff, and her team of Equine professionals and safety support carefully facilitates this equine encounter, which is available at least one time to each patient at Cottonwood. Occasionally patients may participate more frequently as determined by the treatment team.

Although the intensive is a group process, patients work one at a time in the round pen with a chosen horse. This intimate encounter with a horse provides rich information to the therapist and often results in catharsis, insight and a life-changing shift in perspective for the patient. Horses make it easier to be venerable, to risk and ultimately to connect in a powerful present moment encounter of complete acceptance.

Metaphor is also a factor in Equine Assisted Therapy. Sometimes it's less about the connection and more about the mirror created by the horse's behavior. Patients may be able to in turn recognize things about their own behavior, which will provide the facilitator an opening for questions and observation.

All work with the horses is on the ground. There is no riding or riding lessons. Horses can be naturally therapeutic, but with the assistance of Laura and her team, we offer an intense, unique psychotherapy group.

Back to Top

Experiential Therapies
These are therapeutic activities that help patients explore their life experience in an other than intellectual way. As participants engage in self-expression, they encounter new ways of engaging in treatment apart from the traditional aspects of "talk therapy". These groups may include music therapy, expressive art therapy, psychodrama, Playback Theater, and Tai Chi.

Back to Top

Family of Origin
Refers to the family unit in which one was a child.

Back to Top

Family Program
Family Program is a five-day process during which patients and their families explore issues of recovery within a safe and structured therapeutic setting. Each participant will explore aspects of relationship recovery including the development of healthy communication and the strengthening of boundaries. Psychoeducational and list work process groups provide a dynamic and healing opportunity for all participants.

Back to Top

Grief
An intense emotional state associated with the loss of someone or something with whom a person has had a strong emotional attachment.

Back to Top

Group Therapy
Patients participate in daily group therapy. Each patient is assigned to a primary therapy group facilitated by their primary counselor. Patients attend two hours of primary group therapy Monday through Friday.

Each patient will also be scheduled to attend specialty groups to address his or her presenting issues. Group therapy allows participants to improve communication skills and develop greater awareness of self and others through group process and integration of feedback from other participants.

Back to Top

Impulse
Any act or event triggered by a stimulus and occurring with short latency and with little or no conscious control or direction.  In physiology, a self-propagating excitatory state transmitted along a neural fiber.

Back to Top

Impulse Control Disorders
A class of disorders (e.g., kleptomania, pyromania, explosive disorders, pathological gambling) all marked by failure to resist an impulse or temptation to engage in some act that ultimately proves harmful to oneself.  Typically, the affected individual feels a highly increased sense of tension prior to the act and a pleasurable, gratifying feeling afterwards.  Guilt may or may not be experienced following the act.

Back to Top

Individual Therapy
Patients participate in regularly scheduled individual therapy sessions with his or her primary counselor. Session length and frequency are determined by the patient's treatment needs and guided by the treatment plan. Individual sessions will address issues such as chemical dependency, depression, anxiety, relapse prevention, and treatment planning.

Back to Top

Lawyers Behavioral Health Focus
Resourceful minds. Strong wills. Trained to argue.

The same skills that make people good lawyers can make them difficult patients. So we undertook major research to determine how to best address chemical dependency and other behavioral health issues of legal professionals.

Cottonwood clinicians were invited to present the findings of the research at the 2003 American Bar Association Conference on Lawyers Assistance, and the study was published in the behavioral health journal Addiction Professional.

Building on the year-long research project, Cottonwood Tucson developed a comprehensive treatment focus that includes complete assessment, medical and psychological therapy and ongoing clinical help to resolve a client's problems and prevent relapse.

Legal professionals undergoing treatment for co-occurring disorders at Cottonwood attend both general and lawyer-specific treatment activities, some facilitated by clinical staff that are also practicing lawyers. Lawyer-specific 12-step meetings are also available.

For more information about this program or for information on admission to Cottonwood, please contact us.

Back to Top

Meditation
An extended state of reflection or contemplation that can be helpful in the development of mindfulness and the ability to live in the present moment.

Back to Top

Mind/Body Therapy
Mind/Body Therapies offer a holistic approach that unites mind, body, and spirit to assist patients in the discovery of "self". The utilization of spiritual concepts allows patients to learn the art of self-acceptance, self-care, and the creation of balance as the core of recovery.

Mind/Body therapies include the following groups: Yoga, Meditation, Energy Psychology, Energy Medicine, Honoring Anger, Voices of the Heart, A Soul Journey of Recovery.

Back to Top

Nicotine Cessation
Nicotine cessation groups educate participants on the physical, emotional, social, and psychological implications of nicotine use. Participants are also helped to examine their own addictive process regarding their use of tobacco, including triggers to the impulse to use. Medical doctors and therapists help participants also develop a plan to stop smoking.

Back to Top

Pathological Gambling
An impulse control disorder characterized by chronic inability to resist impulses to gamble.  The term is generally not used unless the pattern of behavior disrupts and damages personal, family and/or vocational life.  Also, the maladaptive pattern of gambling is not better explained by another psychological or psychiatric conditions, such as the mania or hypomania associated with bipolar disorder, a more generalized impulse control disorder, or disinhibition due to the use of mood-altering substances.

Back to Top

Patient Care Facilitator
A Cottonwood employee whose job it is to support the patient while they are with us. Responsibilities can include taking daily vital signs, running community meetings, driving to off campus 12-step meetings and appointments and generally making sure the patient is comfortable and safe.

Back to Top

Problem Gambling
Some people experience an abiding or recurring urge to gamble despite adverse consequences and an honest desire to stop. Problem gamblers and their families can suffer severe financial, emotional and relationship problems as a result of the gambler's behavior. Recent research suggests that pathological gambling is an addiction that affects the gambler's brain similarly to the way drugs affect the addict's brain.

Back to Top

Psychodrama
An experiential therapeutic technique in which participants act out certain roles or incidents in the presence of a therapist and other persons who are part of the psychodrama exercise.

Back to Top

Rage
Anger that has gotten out of control.

Back to Top

Relapse Prevention
That area of counseling that focuses on minimizing the potential or relapse into past unhealthy or problematic behavior, especially focusing on attitudes, beliefs and behavior that put a recovering person in greater danger of relapse.

 

Spending Addiction
Spending Addiction, also known as compulsive shopping, is mood altering behavior that involves making compulsive purchases that are often emotional driven and undertaken regardless of increasingly negative consequences

Back to Top

Spirituality
The development and cultivation of spiritual principles, e.c..; forgiveness, acceptance, humility, compassion, etc.

Back to Top

Therapeutic Recreation
Therapeutic recreation groups are an essential aspect of treatment. These groups aid participants in the development of crucial recovery skills, including self-discipline, stress management, self-control, improved self-esteem, anxiety reduction, and assertiveness.

Therapeutic recreation groups allow for kinesthetic learning opportunities that enhance the understanding of recovery issues such as trust, forgiveness, and decision-making. Through participation in therapeutic recreation, participants identify and change dysfunctional behavior by evaluating these behaviors in a safe environment.

These groups include Rocks and Ropes, Cardio-kickboxing, Recreation in Recovery, Challenge Course, Leisure Wellness, and Community Reintegration.

Back to Top

Trauma
From the Greek word for wound, trauma describes a psychological injury caused by an extreme emotional or physical assault.

Back to Top

Trauma Therapy
Many individuals enter treatment with a history of untreated trauma. For these patients, the careful identification and exploration of traumatic events is crucial to successful recovery. Trauma therapy may include trauma process groups, trauma and intimacy groups, psychodrama, psychoeducational groups, and EMDR.

The use of mindfulness techniques, expressive art therapies, and mind-body groups offer participants the opportunity to develop containment skills to manage traumatic memories more effectively.

Back to Top

Yoga
From the Sanskrit word meaning union, emphasizing disciplined physical body or cognitive/mental control.

Back to Top

UnitedHealthcareCignaAetnaValueOptionsHealthPartners
Call for more information and daily rates:
(800) 877-4520

Read Cottonwood's Blog Connect with Cottonwood on Facebook Follow Cottonwood on LinkedIn Follow Cottonwood on Twitter Subscribe to Cottonwood on YouTube Follow to Cottonwood on Google+

CARF
CARF - Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation FacilitiesNATSAP | National Association of Therapeutic Schools and ProgramsNBCCNAADAC